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Who are offered vaccination?

Everyone in Denmark is offered vaccination against COVID-19. The Danish Health Authority has determined the order in which the population will be vaccinated.

We have divided the population into 10 prioritised target groups to be vaccinated in the following order:

1. Residents in nursing homes, assisted living, etc. (The majority have been vaccinated).

2. People aged ≥ 65 who receive both personal care and practical assistance. (We expect to vaccinate the majority during March).

3. People aged ≥ 85 years. (We expect to vaccinate the majority during March).

4. Personnel in healthcare, elderly care and selected parts of the social sector who are at particular risk of infection or who has been identified as performing a critical function in society. (We expect to vaccinate the majority during March).

5. Selected persons with conditions and diseases that result in a significantly increased risk of severe illness from COVID-19. (We expect to vaccinate the majority during March).

6. Selected relatives of individuals at significantly increased risk of a severe illness from COVID-19 or relatives who are indispensable as caregivers. (We expect to vaccinate the majority during March).

7. People aged 80-84. (We expect to begin vaccination in mid-March).

8. People aged 75-79.

9. People aged 65-74.

10 A. People aged 60-64 (born between 1957 and 1961).

10 B. People aged 55-59 (born between 1962 and 1966).

10 C. People aged 50-54 (born between 1967 and 1971).

10 D1. People aged 16-19 and 45-49 years (born 1972-1976 and 2002-2005).

10 D2. People aged 20-24 and 40-44 years (born 1977-1981 and 1997-2001).

10 D3. People aged 25-29 and 35-39 years (born 1982-1986 and 1992-1996).

10 D4. People aged 30-34 (born 1987-1991).
 

This priority order is based on a professional assessment of how best to protect the most volunerable citizens and frontline staff, while ensuring that the spread of infection is curbed. Some are not offered vaccination because the vaccines have not been approved for them -  for example, pregnant or breastfeeding women and children under the age of 16. 

Learn more about the target groups in this section:

When will you get vaccinated? 

FAQ - Who should be vaccinated?

1. Can everyone get vaccinated?

We do not offer vaccination to children under 16 years of age or pregnant or breastfeeding women because the vaccines have not been tested on those groups. However, in exceptional cases, for example in the event of severe illness, a child or pregnant woman may be offered vaccination based on an individual, medical assessment.

Women of childbearing age should be aware of whether they may be pregnant before being vaccinated. 

2. Is it okay for me to get vaccinated?

You should NOT be vaccinated
  • If you have a known allergy to one or more of the active ingredients in the vaccine.
  • If you had an immediate severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to the first injection.
You should POSTPONE vaccination
  • You are acutely ill with a fever ≥ 38°. You can get vaccinated if you have a slight increase in temperature or a mild infection such as a cold, but always consider the possibility that you could have COVID-19.
  • You have COVID-19 or suspect that you have COVID-19.
  • You have had COVID-19 within one month before vaccination.
  • You have been tested because your symptoms are compatible with COVID-19 or because you are the close contact of someone infected with COVID-19.
  • You are pregnant or breastfeeding (in exceptional cases, you may get vaccinated, but you should talk to your doctor).
  • You are scheduled to undergo surgery within one week before or after vaccination.
You should TALK to a DOCTOR before getting vaccinated
  • You learn that you might be allergic to one or more of the active ingredients in the vaccines, such as macrogol/PEG/polyethene glycol. 
  • You have previously had an immediate severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to vaccination or another injection.
  • In the past, you have repeatedly had immediate severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) after taking other medicines (e.g. laxatives, stomach acid medications).
  • You have mastocytosis (a rare type of mast cell disease).
  • Children should only be vaccinated in rare cases and only in highly specialised hospitals.
You CAN get vaccinated

 Most people can go ahead with vaccination. You can get vaccinated even if:

  • You have had adverse drug reactions – such as skin rash – to penicillin, ibuprofen, etc.
  • You experience adverse drug reactions to strong medication (e.g. painkillers). 
  • You have already experienced some of the known side effects after the first vaccine injection. 
  • You have food allergies (e.g. eggs, shellfish, nuts).
  • You are allergic to insecticides, latex, etc.
  • You have pollen allergy/hay fever, animal allergies, eczema caused by asthma.
  • You are undergoing fertility treatment.
  • You have received another vaccine (e.g. flu or pneumococcal vaccination) on the same day/recently.
  • You are a cancer patient and receive treatment­1.
  • You have an impaired/weakened immune system1­.
  • Someone in your family has had an allergic reaction after they were vaccinated.
  • You do not wish to ingest anything containing pork gelatin.
  • You have previously been injected with botox.
  • You regularly take blood thinners.
  • You have previously had a blood clot, or your family has a history of developing blood clots.

­ ­ The vaccines may have a decreased effect on immunodeficiency people, and they should pay particular attention to following the Danish Health Authority's:

General guidance on infection prevention

3. Can I get vaccinated if I am pregnant?

I am pregnant/breastfeeding 
If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you should not be vaccinated, except in exceptional circumstances - for example, if you suffer from severe illness.

I'm trying to get my partner pregnant
You can get vaccinated if you are trying to get pregnant or get your partner pregnant. The vaccines do not affect your ability to have children. 

I am vaccinated and would like to try to get pregnant 
There are no recommendations for a specific time interval to elapse before you become pregnant after being vaccinated against COVID-19. There is no evidence that getting vaccinated affects fertility. 

I have become pregnant between the 1st and 2nd injections of the vaccine
If you fall pregnant between the 1st and 2nd vaccination, we recommended that you postpone the 2nd injection of the vaccine until such time that you are no longer pregnant or breastfeeding. 

I am not sure if I was pregnant when I got the first injection of the vaccine 
Please consult your doctor if you discover that you were pregnant at the time of your first injection. However, the general consensus is that there is little or no risk of the foetus being harmed by vaccination.

Women of childbearing age should be aware of whether they may be pregnant before being vaccinated. 

4. Why vaccinate young and healthy individuals?

No one knows how ill they will get from COVID-19. Young and seemingly healthy individuals can also get severely ill. And some patients who recover from COVID-19 experience prolonged symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, headache and loss of sense of taste and smell for up to six months. 

That is why we recommend that everyone for whom the vaccines have been approved get vaccinated.

5. Can the authorities demand that you be vaccinated?

No, the offer is voluntary - as are all publicly funded vaccination programmes in Denmark.

6. Which target group do I belong in if, for example, I turn 50 this year?

Age groups are based on the year you were born - not the date or month.

Therefore, if you turn 50 in 2021, you belong in the age group 50-54 year-olds in target group 10 C. This guiding principle applies to all age groups. 

7. Who is included in Group 5, and when will they be vaccinated?

The majority of citizens in target group 5 have already been vaccinated. 

However, doctors may continue to refer a minimal number of patients for vaccination in target group 5. This applies, for example, to patients who have recently been diagnosed with a severe illness or patients whose conditions have deteriorated significantly. 

Who is included in Group 5?

People at particularly high risk of severe illness or even death if they become ill from COVID-19 are included in Group 5.

To determine whether you are at particularly high risk of severe illness from COVID-19, your doctor must make an overall assessment based on such determining actors as:

  • your age - particularly if you are between 50 and 64 years old1
  • the severity of your disease or condition
  • whether you suffer from multiple concurrent diseases and/or are on several different types of medication
  • whether your functional capacity is severely impaired.

Furthermore, in order to be included in Group 5, a doctor must determine that it is essential for your health and course of illness that you are vaccinated now and cannot wait for a few more months.

1 As advanced age is the main risk factor for becoming seriously ill from COVID-19, your date of birth has so far been of great importance in determining whether you should be included in Group 5 or not. 
At this time, however, we have already begun vaccinating our most senior citizens. If you are 65 years old or older, you will be vaccinated shortly – not because you are in Group 5, but based solely upon your age. 

Who are included in Group 5?

People in Group 5 are typically being treated for their illnesses and conditions in the hospital. Examples include: 

  • Recent bone marrow or stem cell transplant, organ transplant, artificial heart pump, etc., or who are on waiting to undergo these treatments.
  • Very severely immunosuppressed, including significant ongoing immunosuppressive therapy, certain malignant haematological disorders such as acute leukaemia, etc.
  • Significantly weakened resistance to the development of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), including, e.g. cystic fibrosis, significant respiratory sufficiency, COPD with a lung function of FEV1 < 50, etc.
  • Moderate to severe symptomatic heart failure, with severely limited functioning and/or severely reduced pumping function.
  • Obesity with a BMI > 35.

Group 5 vaccination may also be relevant for individuals under the age of 65 who are particularly vulnerable – such as homeless people with multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis or drug addicts with heart valve inflammation, etc.

Please note 

You are not included in Group 5 if your chronic disease or condition is well-controlled and stable. You will then be invited based on your year of birth.

 

How do you identify those who are at particularly high risk?

The vast majority of people in Group 5 are undergoing treatment in a hospital and will be offered vaccination there. 

A minority of those at particularly high risk do not currently go for regular check-up or treatment at the hospital. These persons may be referred for vaccination either by their own doctor or a specialist.

When you, as a person at particularly high risk, are referred for vaccination, you are invited via your e-Boks or by a letter through the mail if you are exempt from receiving Digital Post.

8. Can relatives of someone at higher risk of severe illness from COVID-19 get vaccinated early on?

Some relatives of those at particularly high risk may be vaccinated early (Group 6). This applies to individuals who:

  • are relatives of someone who either cannot be vaccinated or where insufficient efficacy of the vaccine is anticipated.
  • act as indispensable caregivers to the relative at particularly high risk.
  • not only live with the person at risk but are involved in specific nursing tasks (e.g. tracheal suction) that put them at higher risk of becoming infected.

Furthermore, a concrete assessment must be made as to whether the relatives in question can wait to be vaccinated for another 1-3 months to be vaccinated based on their age alone. 

Either your own doctor or your relative's doctor will determine if you should be included in Group 6.

9. Why have you merged the last three target groups?

The merging of groups has not changed the overall strategy for the vaccination programme. The focus on vaccinating those at particularly high risk of severe illness from COVID-19 remains unchanged.

However, advanced age is a significant independent risk factor – often more so than chronic illnesses and conditions – and people under the age of 50 are very rarely hospitalised with COVID-19.

From now on, age is therefore the deciding factor for when we offer vaccination. But by late spring, we will be able to vaccinate half a million people a week so that the deferral will be minimal for most people.

For some younger people with chronic diseases or conditions who were previously included in the ‘old’ Group 10, depending on vaccine deliveries, by merging the groups the date of their vaccination may have been pushed back a few months. Age is the all-important risk factor, so regardless of whether someone has a disease or condition that would otherwise increase his or her risk of severe illness from COVID-19, people under the age of 50 very rarely become severely ill from COVID-19. Even severely ill children typically have mild courses of the disease. 

10. What to do while you wait to be vaccinated if you are someone at higher risk

Fortunately, people under the age of 50 very rarely become severely ill from COVID-19 and even severely ill children typically have mild courses of the disease. Age is the all-important factor regardless of whether you have a disease or condition that would otherwise increase your risk of severe illness from COVID-19.  

The Danish Health Authority recommends that younger people with diseases or conditions that put them at higher risk of severe illness from COVID-19 pay particular attention to following the general guidance on preventing the spread of infection. However, we do not recommend that you isolate yourself completely. They, too, can cautiously participate in the reopening of society, even if they are not vaccinated. They can do so because, by virtue of their age, they will rarely become severely ill from COVID-19, and because we move into spring and summer, more and more people will be vaccinated, and we will have greater control over the epidemic.

Further information

Guidance for people at higher risk 

11.  How do you prioritise those in the new Group 10?

Advanced age is a significant independent risk factor. Older people appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus, regardless of whether they have other risk factors such as chonic diseases or conditions. Therefore, people aged 50-65 are given priority first. Those born between 1957-1961 are the first to be vaccinated in Group 10, followed by those born between 1962-1966 and 1967-1971.

People under the age of 50 are less likely of becoming severely ill with COVID-19, but the risk is still there. Therefore, age remains a determining factor in how we prioritise the subgroups within Group 10. But we also prioritise the youngest age groups because this is where the spread of infection has been most widespread throughout the epidemic.

People under the age of 50 are offered vaccination in the following order of priority:

  1. People aged 16-19 and people aged 45-49 years.
  2. Ages 20-24 and 40-44 years.
  3. Ages 25-29 and 35-39 years.
  4. Ages 30-34 years.

12. Who are included in Group 4 (frontline personnel)?

As of 21 April 2021, the criteria for target group 4 were tightened.
 
The employer must make a concrete assessment of the individual employee's function to determine whether he or she meets the following criteria and therefore cannot wait to be vaccinated according to his or her age.

Tightened criteria for personnel in group 4:

  • Personnel must be under 60 years of age. Those aged 60 or older have either already been invited or will be invited within a few weeks along with others in this age group.
  • The employer must have made a concrete assessment of the individual employee in the healthcare, elderly care or social sector to ensure that he or she meets the criteria listed below.

Personnel must meet at least one of the following criteria:

  • Frontline staff who cannot avoid close physical contact with undiagnosed patients/citizens with various newly emerged symptoms. It is not always possible to determine whether these symptoms may be due to COVID and personnel with close physical contact with suspected or diagnosed COVID-19 cases.
  • Personnel whose work puts them at particular risk, e.g. aerosol-generating procedures on people with reduced cognitive function, for example.  
  • Personnel who cannot avoid close physical contact with people at particularly high risk in areas where there has been a high level of infection locally (over 200 new cases per 100,000 citizens per week) or where not many people at higher risk have been vaccinated.
  • Staff who carry out essential roles and are not easily replaced by colleagues if they become ill, etc. 
 

13. Will the vaccines will be approved for children?

Scientific studies on Comirnaty® and COVID-19 Vaccine Moderna® are currently ongoing. When those results are in, we will know much more about efficacy and side effects on children and adolescents and whether we will begin vaccinated those age groups at a later stage. 

14. Can I get vaccainated if I am a foreign national but live and work in Denmark?

Yes, you can. Everyone residing in Denmark will automatically be invited for vaccination via their Social Security number either through their e-Boks or by letter.
Updated 04 MAJ 2021