xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewBox="0 0 54 54">
Skip to content

Vaccination against COVID-19

Vaccination against COVID-19 is an important supplement to other measures to reduce the spread of novel coronavirus in society. In Denmark, the first citizens were vaccinated on 27 December 2020. Vaccination is voluntary and free of charge.


In prioritising target groups, the Danish Health Authority has primarily focused on the following three main objectives of the vaccination programme:

  1. Minimising death and severe illness due to COVID-19.
  2. Minimising the spread of infection and epidemic control.
  3. Ensuring key societal functions.

However, even though vaccination against COVID-19 is now possible, we must all continue to follow the general advice on good hand hygiene, thorough cleaning, airing out regularly and maintaining social distancing.

Learn more about the target groups in this section:

Who are offered vaccination?

The Danish Health Authority recommends vaccination against COVID-19

COVID-19 is a new virus that infects humans. Therefore, we do not have immunity to protect us from becoming infected and ill, and the disease has consequently been able to spread  as a pandemic.

Only a small proportion of the Danish population has had COVID-19, and we do not know with certainty whether those who have been infected are fully protected from being reinfected later on. 

Anyone can be infected with COVID-19. Some infected persons become seriously ill and may die from the disease

  • The Danish Health Authority recommends vaccination because it protects you from becoming infected and ill from COVID-19.
  • The more people that are vaccinated, the better control we will have over the epidemic.
  • Vaccination is free of charge as well as voluntary.


Will life get back to normal now we have the vaccines? 

We hope that the vaccines will eventually allow us all to return to our normal lives. Until then, please continue to follow the same guidance you did before you were vaccinated. 

No vaccine is 100% effective, and there is a small risk that you may become infected even after you are fully vaccinated. Furthermore, we do not yet know whether vaccination prevents you from carrying the virus and spreading the infection to others.  This is why it is vital that you continue to follow the guidance on social distancing, hand hygiene and staying home if you are ill, and why you should always be tested if you have symptoms of COVID-19 or are a close contact of someone who is infected.

If you wear protective gear at work, you must continue to do so, even after you have been vaccinated.


Will we achieve herd immunity against COVID-19 through vaccination?

We cannot yet say what proportion of the population has to be vaccinated before we have full control over the epidemic - in part because it has not yet been established whether the vaccines prevent the vaccinated person from being a carrier and thus able to spread the virus to people who have not yet been vaccinated. 

International studies have shown that even when only 15-20% of the population has been vaccinated, it significantly impacts the epidemic. 

The primary purpose of the vaccination programme is not to achieve herd immunity. In Denmark, we have prioritised vaccinating risk groups first. We expect to see a rapid effect of this strategy on reducing local outbreaks and COVID-19 fatalities in nursing homes and among those at higher risk of severe illness from COVID-19.

The roles of the Danish authorities

The Danish health authorities have various parts to play in the rollout of vaccination programmes in Denmark.


The Danish Health Authority is responsible for planning the national vaccination programmes and determines who should be vaccinated and in which order. We also head up communication to the public as well as health professionals, and work with all relevant stakeholders to determine who administers the vaccines to the population. 


The Danish Medicines Agency plays a central role in the approval and monitoring of clinical trials. The Danish Medicines Agency works closely with the European Medicines Agency's (EMA) on granting authorisation to companies who apply for approval of vaccines for distribution within the whole of EU. After a vaccine has been authorised, the Danish Medicines Agency is responsible for monitoring all Danish reports of possible side effects of the vaccine, and for monitoring the safety of the vaccines at European level in collaboration with medicines regulatory agencies from the other EU countries and the European Medicines Agency. The Danish Medicines Agency is also responsible for informing the public of the reasons behind the approval of the vaccines, their efficacy, and safety.


Statens Serum Institut is responsible for the procurement and distribution of the vaccines. The Institut also monitors the number of vaccinations as well as the frequency of vaccine-preventable diseases in Denmark, and advises the country's doctors and other healthcare workers on vaccines and the prevention of infectious diseases.


The Danish health authorities advise the Danish Ministry of Health, which ultimately decides who should be offered free vaccination in a publicly funded vaccination programme.


Publications, etc.

Please click on the arrow to view our current publications, etc. on COVID-19 vaccination.
Updated 10 MAJ 2021