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COVID-19 and novel coronavirus

COVID-19 is the name of the disease caused by novel coronavirus.

There are several types of coronavirus (CoV) – a family of viruses that can cause a common cold, but also more severe respiratory infections. The world has previously witnessed how serious some coronaviruses can be. In 2003, SARS spread from Southeast Asia to 28 countries and most recently, MERS has caused severe lung infections throughout the Arabian Peninsula since 2012. Types of coronaviruses cause both these diseases.

When the outbreak of novel coronavirus (or SARS-CoV-2) began in 2019, it was a completely new and unknown subtype of coronavirus. We are learning more about novel coronavirus, the disease and the epidemic all the time and are continuously adapting our guidance to match the current knowledge and situation.

Most people who get COVID-19 have no symptoms at all or only moderate symptoms like coughing and a light fever and recover without treatment. However, some people who catch the novel coronavirus get severe pneumonia – and in particularly those at higher risk can become seriously ill from COVID-19. 

Learn more about novel coronavirus and COVID-19 at these websites:

ECDC (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control)

WHO (World Health Organization)

Nature Microbiology 

Updated 21 APR 2021